Enlarged male breasts are caused by a medical condition known as ‘gynaecomastia’, which can cause untold embarrassment and stress. 40 to 60 per cent of men in the UK suffered from the condition and in some cases, young adolescents can see their chest go to the size of a C cup. Undergoing male breast reduction surgery can offer a permanent solution to gynaecomastia, enabling you to lead a more normal life.

Male breast reduction is not a way to lose weight. Surgeons will discourage surgery for obese men, or for overweight men who have not first attempted to correct the problem with exercise or dieting or weight loss surgery.

What causes gynaecomastia?

There are a variety of causes for this condition. Physiological changes in hormone ratios just after birth, at puberty and late in life often create ‘moobs’. Various drugs – medical or recreational – such as cannabis, steroids, methyldopa, phenothiazines, cimetidine, cyproterone acetate and drugs that inhibit testosterone also can have side-effects such as breast growth.Check for Gynaecomastia in Aryavarta

Causes of Gynaecomastia

The condition of Gynaecomastia or more simply the developing of breasts in men may occur due to one or more than one of the following reasons-

Hormonal Imbalance:

The balance of oestrogen and testosterone, the two sex hormones is vital in all human beings. While oestrogen is responsible for the development of breasts in the female body, testosterone, on the other hand, is responsible for the development of beard, moustaches and the other such biological features in a male body. The oestrogen level in men is dominated by the testosterone levels, thereby, inhibiting the growth of breast tissues. However, an imbalance in these hormones, where the level of oestrogen becomes more than testosterone, results in the growth of breast tissues leading to gynaecomastia.


Obesity often leads to an increase in the oestrogen levels in the human body, resulting in the growth of breast tissues in men. This can finally lead to gynaecomastia.

Puberty as a Cause of Gynaecomastia:

The levels of oestrogen and testosterone might often change during puberty- the oestrogen level might increase, thereby leading to gynaecomastia. This condition is generally resolved without medical interference within a couple of years. However, 25% of gynaecomastia in adolescent boys needs medical attention for resolution.

Old Age Can Cause Gynaecomastia:

The levels of testosterone might go down as men become older because of reduced production of the hormone in the body. Older men also tend to accumulate more fat in their system. All of these reasons might lead to the development of breast tissues in older men, thereby leading to gynaecomastia.

Maternal Hormones as a Cause of Gynaecomastia in New Born Babies:

A baby in the womb is connected to the mother by means of the placenta. Often, oestrogen passes through the placenta from the mother into the baby’s body. Thus, a new born baby might be affected by gynaecomastia. However, the condition is likely to be resolved within a few weeks post birth.

Apart from the afore-mentioned causes, gynaecomastia can also be caused by certain other factors, including-

A. Over-consumption of alcohol

B. Certain health conditions, such as, kidney and liver diseases

C. As side effects of certain medications, such as, medications for heart diseases, anti-ulcer medications and the like.

D. Genetic disorders such as Klinefelter’s Syndrome

E. Use of drugs such as anabolic steroids or cannabis

F. Issues in the testicles such as development of lumps.

The Average Cost Of Gynaecomastia

Gynaecomastia cost in Hyderabad ranges from 50,000 to 1 lakh. In corporate hospitals it ranges from 1 lakh to 2 lakhs, however this will depend on your particular case. This can only be determined during a consultation with your surgeon, and following that an accurate price can be quoted.

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