Definition – What does Telecommunications mean?
Telecommunications refers to the exchange of information by electronic and electrical means over a significant distance. A complete telecommunication arrangement is made up of two or more stations equipped with transmitter and receiver devices. A single co-arrangement of transmitters and receivers, called a transceiver, may also be used in many telecommunication stations.
Telecommunications devices include telephones, telegraph, radio, microwave communication arrangements, fiber optics, satellites and the Internet.
Telecommunications is also known as telecom.
Telecommunications is a universal term that is used for a vast range of information-transmitting technologies such as mobile phones, landlines, VoIP and broadcast networks.
In telecommunications, data is transmitted in the form of electrical signals known as carrier waves, which are modulated into analog or digital signals for transmitting information. Analog modulation such as that used in radio broadcasting is an amplitude modulation. Digital modulation is just an updated form of this.
Telecommunications and broadcasting are administered worldwide by an agency of the United Nations called the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). Most countries have their own agencies for enforcing telecommunications regulations.
The combined telephone, computer, and cable TV industry segments are referred to as the broader industry of telecommunications. Together they provide equipment and wired and/or wireless connections needed for communicating via telephone and connecting to the Internet. Some retail and service companies that provide access to phone and Internet services and sell equipment and accessories, such as phones, cell phones, tablets, and computers, are also considered part of the telecommunications industry.
Passage of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 deregulated the industry but had a limited impact. The ability to offer “universal service” remains restricted by regulations, particularly evident in rural and low-income communities. On the whole, however, telecommunications is a dynamic and growing industry, driven by widespread adoption of broadband Internet, cell phones, and Wi-Fi data transmission. The industry is engaged in a steady effort to keep up with advancing technology and consumer demands that requires regular upgrading and improvement of infrastructure, such as cell towers, fiber optic lines, and bandwidth.
These advances and improvements have reduced the need for traditional workers in this industry, such as electrical and electronics engineers and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers but increased demand for those with expertise in new technology. The telecommunications market remains very competitive. The largest cable and cell phone and data providers often go head to head to win customers and subscribers.